Canadian First Pattern Ross Rifle Bayonet. 1909

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This rare Mk1 Canadian Ross Rifle bayonet was made by the Ross Rifle Company, Quebec in September 1909 and is in generally good condition. The Mk1 bayonet differs from later models by having an extended muzzle ring containing a split spring to aid in securely attaching the bayonet to the muzzle of the rifle. Mk1 Bayonets also had a pin through the pommel. 

The 256mm single-edged, un-fullered blade has a rounded spine. The blade is clean and bright and retains a very sharp edge. The blade is in good condition and is free of rust or tarnish. There are grind scratches (field sharpening?) along the centre of the blade on both sides. The point has been modified slightly from the original hatchet point. This was a common field modification to give the bayonet a sharper, more effective point for penetration.

The steel crosspiece and pommel have an even grey patina. The pommel bears the maker’s logo,” ROSS RIFLE CO. / QUEBEC / PATENTED 1907” and the obverse bears an acceptance/inspection mark, the pattern date, ’08 (1808), the Canadian government ownership mark, a broad arrow in a circle and the manufacture date of September 1909. The additional securing pin is located to the upper rear of the pommel. The bayonet attachment mechanism has been removed. The grip spine bears two Canadian inspection stamps and the underside of the pommel is stamped with unit markings.

The wooden grip scales show age related wear and staining and are in good condition. The scales are marked on both sides with several alpha numeric stamps.

The bayonet is complete with its original Mk11 leather scabbard and stitched on frog. The scabbard is in great condition with minor wear to the leather commensurate with age and use. The stitching is intact and strong. The tip of the scabbard has a steel button. The scabbard bears various markings and Canadian inspection stamps.

This rare first pattern Canadian Ross bayonet is in good condition despite the grind marks and missing spring catch. A replacement catch can be sourced from a poor condition first or second pattern bayonet.


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