This pattern 1856 British sword bayonet was made for the Model 1853, .577 calibre Enfield rifled infantry short-musket. As well as being issued to British units, these rifles and bayonets were sold in large numbers to both the Union and Confederate armies during the American Civil War.
The 580mm yataghan blade has a flat spine and broad single fuller on both sides. The recurved (Yataghan) blade has a 180mm upper false edge. The blade is in excellent condition with some small and very minor patches of pale tarnish. The ricasso bears a clearly stamped King’s head mark, which is the maker’s mark for the Weyersberg Company of Solingen, Germany. Above this is a British Solingen inspectors stamp.
The iconic steel crosspiece with cockscomb and button finials is bright and free of rust. The interior of the muzzle ring is flush with the tang of the blade, indicating that this is the 1856 model bayonet, as opposed to the later, re-worked 1858 model. The step up to the muzzle ring on the later versions was to allow for the barrel band, which included the lug onto which the 1858 model bayonet was fixed. The internal muzzle ring diameter is 21mm.
The press-stud and external spring locking mechanism work perfectly and the sharply beaked pommel bears another Solingen inspector’s stamp and the rack or issue number 454. The leather grip scales are in good condition with wear commensurate with age and use.
The bayonet is complete with its original leather scabbard with steel mounts. The scabbard is in excellent condition. The steel furniture is free of rust or damage, with a couple of tiny patches of very shallow pitting. The leather is in excellent condition and the stitching is intact and tight. The bayonet sheathes and draws smoothly and is held firmly within the scabbard.
This is a great example of an 1856 pattern Enfield yataghan sword bayonet.
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