This early production 1856 pattern sword bayonet was made for the Model 1853, .577 calibre Enfield rifled infantry short-musket. As well as being issued to British units, these rifles and bayonets were sold in large numbers to both the Union and Confederate armies during the American Civil War.
The 584mm yataghan blade has a flat spine and broad single fuller on both sides. The recurved (Yataghan) blade has a 180mm upper false edge. The blade is in very good condition with some small and very minor patches of pale tarnish. The blade is without maker or ordnance markings which is typical of those produced for export to America.
The iconic steel crosspiece with cockscomb and button finials is bright and free of rust. The interior of the muzzle ring is flush with the tang of the blade, indicating that this is a true 1856 model bayonet, as opposed to the later, re-worked 1858 model. The step up to the muzzle ring on the later versions was to allow for the barrel band, which included the lug onto which the 1858 model bayonet was fixed. The internal muzzle ring diameter is 20mm.
The press-stud and external spring locking mechanism work perfectly. The external spring is riveted to the hilt. On later production 1856 models the external spring is secured with a screw. The sharply beaked pommel is bright and free of rust or tarnish and has some very mild, shallow pitting. The leather grip scales have wear commensurate with age and use.
The bayonet is complete with its original leather scabbard with volunteer/export pattern brass mounts. The scabbard is in good condition. The brass furniture has a couple of tiny dings. The leather is in good condition and the stitching is intact and tight. The bayonet sheathes and draws smoothly and is held firmly within the scabbard.
This is a great example of a true 1856 pattern yataghan bayonet made for the export market.
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